Newark Public Schools has a long and storied history, dating back to the 1800s, when it opened its doors to immigrants, including its first black superintendent, Thomas H. McCarty.

But that’s just the beginning of the story.

Here are 10 facts about Newark Public schools that will make you think: 1.

Newark Public School opened in 1881 to serve mostly African-American families.

2.

Its first African-Americans superintendent was Thomas McCarty, who started the school in 1884.

3.

Its current superintendent is Thomas McCarty Jr., who took over in 2012.

4.

It’s home to the nation’s largest charter school system.

5.

Its students are the only students of color in Newark Public.

6.

Its public school system was the first to include black students in its curriculum.

7.

It has one of the nation-leading graduation rates in the country.

8.

It was the site of one of history’s most dramatic civil rights marches, in 1963, when more than 300 students and teachers marched from Liberty Plaza to New Hope Park, protesting the killing of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and other civil rights leaders.

9.

It won the largest civil rights award in the nation in 2012, the Congressional Black Caucus Award.

10.

The city of Newark has a population of around 3 million.